Have you heard about gross motor skills and fine motor skills? These two are types of physical development your infant will undergo. Other areas of development in infant includes cognitive, language and social. There are distinct period of progress. During each of these stages, several changes in the improvement of their brain are taking place.
Babies grow at an amazingly rapid pace during their first year of life. Aside from physical and growth in height and weight, babies also go through greater achievement stages referred to as developmental milestones. One of those milestones your baby will acquire is motor development. It is a process that follows the pattern of child’s brain growth and development. This pattern results in the development of motor skills in a Cephalo-caudal (gains motor control over his muscles starting from the head and moving down the spine), Proximo-distal fashion (gains motor control over his muscles starting from areas close to the spine to areas further away).
There are two types of motor skills development that you can observe with your little ones.
Gross motor skills:
Fine motor skills:
Mastering both gross and fine motor skills are essential for a child’s growth and independence. It will help your baby to explore many things around them. As you learn what milestones your baby is likely to achieve this year, be reminded that this is only a guideline. Each child is different and develops at his own pace. Perhaps, if your relative or neighbor’s tenth month old is already walking and your tenth month old baby is just crawling, don’t be alarmed. Unless it’s too late for his development (“red flags”).
Examine the milestones listed below to track your child’s development. Remember, if you have a concern, talk with your pediatrician or doctor and ask for an evaluation.
|Age||Gross Motor Skills||Fine Motor Skills|
In due time you’ll witness these particular skills in your baby. But, before they manage to manifest the enumerated skills above, your baby needs you. Help him to achieve these milestones, by helping him and encouraging your little one, to develop both gross motor skills and fine motor skills.
Here are some pointers to remember in helping your baby to boost his motor skills. First of all, he needs you to attend to all of his needs. Getting close to your baby will give him comfort and feeling of being secure. Your love and attention is what your baby really needs. Considering this statement, the sense of touch or tactile perception plays a big role. They need to feel what is in their hands and their surroundings, in order to interact with or manipulate objects. Encouraging him to hold toys to improve his fine motor skills such as blocks in various shapes and sizes, balls, stuffed animals or dolls and etc. Giving him a lot of objects to handle and explore, it will strengthen his hands and fingers and make them more sensible and active. Furthermore, sense of sight is also important. Babies like to look at faces or anything near them. You can guide your baby to develop their visual skills by choosing colorful toys, exposing your baby to different and enriching environment. They will respond with certainty. For example, shaking a rattle off to one side of baby’s face can encourage him to move his eyes or head and by demonstrating how to use his arms to clap, wave and shake toys he will absolutely imitate you.
Also, you need to give your baby lots of opportunities to lie on his tummy, as this helps strengthen the muscles in his neck, back and torso. Eventually, he will be able to push up onto his hands, progress from sitting to crawling then to walking and finally running around. Shifting babies positions frequently, from crib to floor, from sitting to standing position, from tummy to back and vice-versa , can stimulate different muscles and exhilarate more motions.
Moreover, babies safety is a top priority. You must base safety on the infants developmental stage. Consider the following essential tips.